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Using R in Nonparametric Statistical Analysis, The Kruskal-Wallis Test Part Three: Post Hoc Pairwise Multiple Comparison Analysis of Ranked Means

Originally posted on Using Open Source Technology in Higher Education:
Using the Kruskal-Wallis Test, Part Three:  Post Hoc Pairwise Multiple Comparison Analysis of Ranked Means A tutorial by Douglas M. Wiig In previous tutorials I discussed an example of entering data into a data frame and performing a nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test to determine if there…

# Z: Right to Instruct [Volk]

NOTES: Kyle G. Volk. The Perils of “Pure Democracy”: Minority Rights, Liquor Politics, and Popular Sovereignty in Antebellum America. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Winter, 2009), pp. 641-679 Quotes: “With local option, reformers and supportive legislators implicitly weighed in on two broad and interrelated questions that had been confronting the Anglo–American…

# B: Right to Instruct [Halberstam]

NOTES: Halberstam, Daniel. Of Power and Responsibility: The Political Morality of Federal Systems. Virginia Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 3 (May, 2004), pp. 731-834. Quotes: “Should all else fail, the federal government may, with the consent of the Bundesrat, “take the necessary measures to hold the Land to the fulfillment of its duties by way…

I PLEDGE ALLEGIANCE TO THE REPUBLIC!

In case you are wondering why I firmly believe that Americans have a “Right to Instruct” national representatives in order to influence American politics on “republican” grounds. PATRIOT ACT in a REPUBLIC: Conference Presentation #citcon15  NOT A LONG READ: CONFERENCE PAPER: Center for the Study of Citizenship ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: # Z: Right to Instruct [Volk]…

# A: Right to Instruct [Pope]

NOTES: Pope, James Gray. Republican Moments: The Role of Direct Popular Power in the American Constitutional Order. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 139, No. 2 (Dec., 1990), pp. 287-368 Quotes: Footnote 257: “See H. STORING, WHAT THE ANTI-FEDERALISTS WERE FOR 65 (1981); see also L. LEVY, EMERGENCE OF A FREE PRESS 221-22 (1985) (arguing…

#-4: Right to Instruct [Fellman]

NOTES: Fellman, David. Constitutional Rights of Association. The Supreme Court Review, Vol. 1961 (1961), pp. 74-134. ****Theoretical analysis and Founders. The following is an excerpt from 80-84. “That the rights of peaceable assembly and petition have deep roots in the American experience is reflected in the frequency with which they were asserted in the formative…

# -3: Right to Instruct [Gottlieb]

NOTES: Gottlieb, Stephen E. Election Reform and Democratic Objectives: Match or Mismatch? Yale Law & Policy Review, Vol. 9, No. 2 (1991), pp. 205-235.  Quotes:  Footnote 12: “Historically the Constitution did not embody the right to instruct representatives how to vote in the legislature; many, however, continued to believe that representatives had a duty to…