Why the “Resistance” to Trump?

Here’s what I think is –has been for decades– happening in American politics: People generally adhere to one (1) element of the American political culture. WHO and WHERE you are in “political space” INFORMS your politics and policy. Trump is an Authoritarian, ergo…. big problems with people who are Liberals and especially those, such as…

Republicanism after Ratification!

From my dissertation: In this dissertation, I provide examples of historical boundaries of republican practices and beliefs in practice from 1775 through 1819 in American politics at the national level. This dissertation should help to establish verifiable boundaries of republicanism that will enable researchers to search for and observe the element of republicanism during the…

The Age of the Peripheralizing Function?

From my dissertation… The Early American “Republic” from 1775 through 1819 (working title) The Constitution of 1787 gave state governments the ability to perform a political role to protect popular sovereignty that most Americans from the Founders’ generation believed to be necessary for the proper functioning of the new Republic. State legislatures remained important to the…

Significant Correction of a Miscalculation by Dr. William Riker?

From my dissertation: Following Riker (1955), Resolutions of Instruction (ROI) were ineffective compared to the recall provision of the Articles of Confederation, and the circumstances surrounding ROI did not affect the partisan legislature after Ratification. At this, Grynaviski finds that a state’s decision to pass a ROI with respect for President Jackson’s Bank War, “was closely related to whether it issued bonds to…

New York, Leading Long Before California?

From my dissertation: Ray Gunn (1980) wrote ”The New York State Legislature: A Developmental Perspective: 1777-1846,” published in Social Science History, because he was stumped that “Given the centrality of legislatures in our representative system government, it is a remarkable fact that there is today no general, systematic history of state legislative development in America” (p. 267). By the time of the Constitution, republicanism had matriculated…