PS 101: The Essay Component / Rubric

Below is rubric for essay grading. ******* ESSAYS: Each student must write three essays (minimum 3 pages), in study of American government. The 3 Essay topics: The constitution /or/ institutions [upload to BB, Essay tab, Essay 1] Civil rights /or/ civil liberties [Essay 2] Congress /or/ presidency [Essay 3] (A) You will create an analytic narrative using one J-Stor article and your…

A Just Society Provides Life, Liberty and Happiness

The pursuit of life, liberty and happiness is predicated on health, education and entrepreneurial freedom. In a society where the poor and middle-class are restricted to the former, perhaps because of money; the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness successfully eludes the social contract agreed upon by society. The greater the divide(s)–the more injustice breathes.  

Does Economic Development Cause Democracy?

Left: Professor                                Center: Student                                    Right: Gadfly Let’s talk about “Modernization: Theories and Facts;”    By Przeworski and Limongi (1997). Don’t forget your goal by the end of today’s class,    To form a hypothesis worth researching,       For World Politics.[1]   This professor demanded, That graduate students join the ranks, Of the best academics, Publishing in top-tier…

What Constitutes a Cleavage in Political Science?

Cleavage: The very definition of a cleavage is the existence of stable and aligned demographics (e.g., race, age, income, education, religion), attitudes (e.g., civil rights, income redistribution, private property rights, patriotism), and party choice (e.g., Democrats, Republicans, Green, Libertarian); within the positional structure and temporal structure of society. The temporal structure of a cleavage is…

What is “Business Incubation”

Except from publsihed resesearch Business Incubation Unlike economic gardening, there is academic research on business incubation. Briefly, Markley and McNamara (1996) identify the local gross economic and fiscal impacts generated by incubator firms in order to assist in policymaking, because incubation investments may not “generate the quick results required to garner political support” (17). However, the results…

So Parties Form. But Why Trust Them?

Left: Professor                                Center: Student                                    Right: Gadfly Imagine that political parties are organizations,    Created by politicians to extract rents from citizens,        Often at the expense of the denizens’ preferred,            Social contract.[1] Why wouldn’t citizens reject these factions!? At the polls—these politicians, why not reject, Those whom belong to such…