Using the Kruskal-Wallis Test, Part Three: Post Hoc Pairwise Multiple Comparison Analysis of Ranked Means
A tutorial by Douglas M. Wiig
In previous tutorials I discussed an example of entering data into a data frame and performing a nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test to determine if there were differences in the authoritarian scores of three different groups of educators. The test statistic indicated that at least one of the groups(group 1) was significantly different from the other two.
In order to explore the difference further it common practice to do post hoc analysis of the differences. There are a number of methods that have been devised to do these comparisons, but one of the most straightforward and easiest to understand is pairwise comparison of ranked means(or means if using standard ANOVA.)
Prior to entering the code for this section be sure that the following packages are installed and loaded:
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