A Republican Swipe at Blight

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  1. Take Daniel Rodgers…
  2. “Republicanism: The Career of a Concept.”
  3. He finds two paradigms of republicanism:
  4. From the Harvard and St. Louis schools.
  5. They “favored radically different accounts
  6. Of post republican history” for use.
  7. 1992, 19.
  8. Are we back to Riker’s dismal science?
  9. Quite the opposite.
  10. In liberal type democracy, liberty means;
  11.    The government doesn’t interfere,
  12.       With my authoritarian possibilities?
  13. After two centuries,
  14. From the moment the founders declared:
  15. Kroar raised his left fist:
  16. “Republicanism is the unanimous winner!”
  17. Gentle laughter.
  18. We must know, but we do not yet understand:
  19. Republicanism is not lost at all,
  20. In America. It is always near–at hand!
  21. Urbinati (2012) says republicanism…
  22. Republicanism has a legacy.
  23. Republicanism is complex! Apparently:
  24. Arendt gives us vita active and discursive participation;
  25. Pocock’s practical education for virtuous collaboration;
  26. Viroli’s duty to the community in ethics, even religious;
  27. Sandel’s republicanism as communitarian solidarity;
  28.                                                                                                                              Page 610.
  29. And Geise (1984) wonderfully explains all these
  30. Via individuality…
  31. Without them being guaranteed.
  32. Indeed, they are free;
  33. And liberty is seen,
  34. Gleaming! you glean:
  35. Civic duty!
  36. Illuminate the exogenous structure;
  37. Of the discourse—of the language;
  38. Of republicanism…
  39. And this language fights,
  40.  For political experimentation rights,
  41.     Against the other languages…right?
  42. Tell me, Kroar,
  43.       How do you fight, when your fists say:
  44.         “no arbitrary interference” and “non-domination”?
  45.              Must be an easy match for authoritarianism, hey?
  46. Republicanism does advocate practical positions;
  47. For all circumstances…
  48. Even if we are still ignorant of them…
  49. Kroar’s frustration returned:
  50. Or we just don’t have,
  51. The participatory mechanism yet,
  52. To actually do it…
  53. To speak, nay believe,
  54. In that virtuous living.
  55. Participatory community,
  56. Dasein–’tis being.
  57. [coughs / clears throat]
  58. Given our median-citizen education;
  59.   Perhaps liberalism truly works best.
  60. Maybe liberalism will always be America’s answer?
  61.   Don’t you guess?
  62. Republicanism,
  63. Go take a rest!
  64. Perhaps liberalism’s liberty of “opportunity,”
  65. Without governmental interference,
  66. Raises contestation thresholds,
  67. To the point where democracy;
  68. Doesn’t mean populism through voting.
  69. Using Urbinati…
  70. Republicanism’s rigorous work ethic;
  71.   Required for efficacious possibilities,
  72.      Would be über painstaking—
  73.        In this 21st American century.
  74. Are these two fighting?
  75. But when liberalism stops collaborating,
  76. With authoritarianism;
  77. And starts collaborating with republicanism; then,
  78. That will be one moment for the history books…
  79. For honest reflection!
  80. The beginning of Part 2 of 3,
  81. Of America’s:
  82. Republican Revolution!
  83. ‘tis plain to see!
  84.  
  85. Bourdieu…
  86. You employ a gestalt shift via Bourdieu (2004).
  87. Your ideal scientists representing the different cores,
  88. They structure biases: they advocate, admonish,
  89.     And hold constant certain behavior.
  90. Reflection of Urbinati and all other likewise scholars,
  91.     Describe the pillars of the core’s structure,
  92.       That you will use to create falsifiable indicators.
  93. The gestalt shift suggests,
  94. That professors may sound biased,
  95. Because they try to understand;
  96. Republicanism as utopian positions…
  97. And not as preferred practices.
  98. He means a gestalt shift via:
  99. Morris. 2001. Page 83.[1]
  100. But professors are not constricted,
  101. To just the observable evidence…
  102. No! That would be limited science;
  103.    Without trajectory, without possibilities!
  104.      Without normative engagements to plea!
  105. Give me one republican indicator, please.
  106. The richest ten percent;
  107. Own less than forty percent,
  108. Of the wealth of all denizens.
  109. Luxury does overtax civic virtue,
  110.    Says republicanism; says Ericson.
  111. 1993, pages 12-13.
  112. We may never see America,
  113. Enter into republicanism’s core,
  114. In our lifetime. However;
  115. Republicanism is capable of creating and sustaining,
  116. Virtuous citizens and thereby, surely,
  117. Being a virtuous source for society to procure,
  118. A sample of republicanism; de facto and de jure.
  119. Urbinati’s whole point was to show:
  120.   Republicanism is an unstable cameo!
  121. Today? seems true!
  122. But in time; a ruse!
  123. Actually Kroar predicts that
  124. America will begin part three,
  125. Of the Republican Revolution,
  126. The never-ending finale,
  127.  In three centuries.
  128. A utopian indicator?
  129.     Never hear of that before…
  130. As an American major;
  131. Liberty is only one of three indicators.
  132. To better understand utopia;
  133. ‘tis better to measure happiness.
  134. First an utopian indicator….
  135. Well there’s no need;
  136. To measure money.
  137. Allow me to return later to liberty…
  138. Happiness, on the one hand;
  139. As it stands,
  140. May better answer your questions.
  141. In anarchy, happiness is being;
  142. With the Almighty.
  143. But the Devil comes to town,
  144. And the people have no social mechanisms,
  145. To shut the devil down;
  146. Whereby, by fear—by blinding fear;
  147. The people drown-out God.
  148. Doesn’t sound happy to me…
  149. Authoritarianism, as the quickest answer,
  150. Calms the peoples’ nerves.
  151. And they are happy that they are healthy,
  152. And free of the terror—of Olson’s (1993) banditry.
  153. From authoritarianism; anarchy does swerve.
  154. Without chaos; happiness seeks!
  155. The people indulge in banal pleasure-seeking.
  156. Tocqueville.
  157. Liberalism’s capitalism provides unlimited material things.
  158. Democracy gives them happiness in political opportunity;
  159. Some begin to find happiness in voting.
  160. Or duty.
  161. Now the people have nice things,
  162. And they are used to voting;
  163. But everywhere—there is blight and inequality.
  164. Happiness again expands,
  165. Creating new ethics for being–
  166. Entrepreneurs extinguishing inequality,
  167. As non-profits proliferate; abundantly.
  168. Republicanism’s now seeping:
  169. Voting once a year is not community,
  170. Not solidarity, and sometimes,
  171. Liberalism’s voting just loses its meaning…
  172. When you hear republicanism screaming,
  173. And you agree: “We must better our own community!”
  174. Republican happiness begins to transcend virtue,
  175. And people set in motion to collaborate to prove,
  176. That as a people, “we can make a common good;
  177. We can make our community,
  178. What every boy and girl deserves in youth!”
  179. So liberalism solves collective action issues,
  180.    Via capitalism and/or democracy–as proof…
  181. And after many generations have passed,
  182. As happiness, by republicanism standards, meant;
  183. Dedicating your life to building the environment,
  184. For your great-grandchildren’s sustainable success…
  185. Prof. felt checkmate approaching…
  186. A virtuous society without inequality…
  187.    Perhaps there are many ceremonies?
  188.       In honor of republicanism’s insistence on,
  189.         Recognition as the rite of reward—
  190.          Happiness as worthiness…
  191.            Of knowing–you made it!
  192.             You deserve more virtue! Or, stature!
  193. Geise 1984.
  194. Now you stand outside Socrates’ cave.
  195. The Republic, Book VII.
  196. And I think you know, now: happiness.
  197. But wouldn’t I always be content?
  198.     Maybe I’d just go fishing!
  199.       In the heavens of knowledge!?
  200. Have you forgotten the cave?
  201. And the people watching the shadows;
  202. And claiming them as reality?
  203. Have you no conscience?
  204. And what is this other than;
  205. Your first chance,
  206. To happily change the system?
  207. So happiness is measured,
  208.   By how many you save,
  209.     From the cave?
  210. The professor kindly scoffs:
  211. We have had wo/man on Earth,
  212.    From this utopian realm.
  213. They entered the cave,
  214.    And they were put to death! And scorned!
  215. A legacy to republicanism:
  216. Build a worthwhile and efficacious;
  217. Living system.
  218. Nauseated this professor  is:
  219. And that’s why we have the word:
  220.      Martyrdom!
  221. Shall we return to Urbinati, and;
  222.     The equity versus equality discussion?
  223. Both were very tired.
  224. So any words or research wisdom?
  225. How should I proceed with this paper?
  226. To accomplish it?
  227. Kroar, just sayin’
  228.  Duverger’s Law was bent,
  229.    By Herrmann in Public Choice, 2012.
  230. A successful gestalt shift of Bourdieu is sufficient,
  231.   For your dissertation; so long as your case study,
  232.    Is wholly American.
  233. It would be surreal if your second law,
  234. Was demonstrated under Durkheim’s tradition,
  235.   For it would diminish political propaganda,
  236.    And contribute to political science.
  237. Sufficiently political science.
  238.  And necessary for research developments…
  239. Kroar turns somber:
  240. Now you see…see:
  241. The Newtown massacre; in 2012:
  242. Of innocent boys and innocent girls;
  243. As one violent act of anarchy,
  244. Now propels authoritarian decrees.
  245. The professor’s voice was calm:
  246. Perfectly according to your model,
  247.    The N.R.A. advocates meeting evil violence,
  248.      With good violence…to keep kids safe,
  249.        In school. For anarchy cannot be coddled!
  250.          Anarchy must be forcefully removed!
  251.           Let us display guns in the doors,
  252.                 Of every school!
  253. Kroar had won the argument.
  254. Both observed a moment of silence.
  255. Will random and horrific acts,
  256. Of anarchy—of evil violence;
  257. Forevermore keep America,
  258. From entering liberalism’s core?
  259. I don’t know.
  260. Kroar’s head remained bowed.
  261. Has republicanism,
  262. Or even liberalism;
  263. No prolific answers?
  264. Now, before turning in your prospectus,
  265.    Consider adding a rational choice analysis,
  266.    Like Aldrich, in Why Parties? Could be significant.
  267. The professor reached over to the self,
  268. Grabbed and gave the book to Kroar:
  269. Try to see your five languages used in politics:
  270. As structure-induced equilibriums,
  271. As preference-induced equilibriums,
  272.   As Condorcet winners,
  273.      R=PB + D – C;
  274.        Perhaps ‘tis just a published paper…
  275. A rational choice inquiry.
  276. Between the standpoints of,
  277. Liberalism and republicanism,
  278. And authoritarianism…
  279. Languages as party formation.
  280. Yes. Between three legislators.
  281. And once that’s figured,
  282.   Then add in the two others;
  283.     Anarchy and utopianism.
  284. Which Journal?
  285. Give that essay to Dr. G; the one we hired recently.
  286.  And ask him for the publishing possibilities.
  287. Also, create another essay as experimental design,
  288.  For Dr. G.; the behavioralist one, in order to see,
  289.   If people indeed create language factions in society,
  290.    As habitual attitudes overtime—keeping Zaller in mind.[i]
  291. To see if there is a cleavage;
  292. Of liberal, authoritarian,
  293. And republican people…
  294. Do demographics, attitudes and political choice,
  295. Show as stable and aligned;
  296. By position and through time?[ii]
  297. Precisely.
  298. The professor’s hands clasped.
  299. I like republican’s standpoint epistemology.
  300. But I don’t like that “anarchy” is more than “no government.”
  301. Now who is the idealist?
  302. Republicanism is particularly instructive,
  303. To account for non-profit / fair trade structuring;
  304. As non-domination habits available for answering:
  305. The peoples’ contestation!
  306. Start publishing–more than on your blog!
  307.   And see; if you can: peer recognition.
  308.    For at least one chapter of your dissertation,
  309.      Which is what we have been discussing…
  310.        Should occur before your graduation ceremony.
  311. Kroar’s habitus implications,
  312. Are not standpoint epistemology,
  313. But the realization of political living,
  314. Exogenously and endogenously,
  315. In reality.
  316. .
  317. Thanks, Kroar.
  318. That’s a fresh perspective,
  319.     On politics.
  320.  
  321. See you next month.
  322. Three final questions, Kroar.
  323.     I am curious:
  324. Who is your favorite politician?
  325. There are two, professor.
  326. There is Ron Paul.
  327. And there is Dennis Kucinich.
  328. Should I; being an University employee,
  329.  Work as a consultant for a SuperPac,
  330.    As a participant in democracy?
  331. There should be no limit upon your capacity,
  332. To engage in increasing efficacy,
  333. In worthwhile activity.
  334. What is a republican solution,
  335.     To the urban blight problem?
  336. Four co-equal financial contributors;
  337. In the small American community,
  338. The National, State,
  339. and Local governments,
  340. As well as foundations,
  341. Buy out the blight and create,
  342. A community place…
  343. Sounds a lot like liberalism…
  344. I want massive sculpture parks,
  345. For all intercollegiate artists…
  346. Republicans would manage the park,
  347. Via the park’s local residents,
  348. In solving collective action problems.
  349. I agree it doesn’t sound like capitalism…
  350. But the national government?
  351. Don’t we need liberalism’s;
  352.     Efficient capitalism?
  353. A liberal-republican bargain;
  354. Would be for the keys,
  355. To go to multiple local non-profits,
  356. Considering the need for accountability…
  357. “The small American community”…
  358. Perhaps the national government,
  359. Could give scholarships to forestry majors,
  360. To take care of the new park near blight!
  361. The state could offer internships to residents,
  362. To collaborate with the forestry students,
  363. The local government would read,
  364. The Friday reports by the former keepers; heed,
  365. These connections to solve our problems…
  366. With deeds.
  367. And the Foundations there, like Ford,
  368.    Could host annual summer picnics,
  369.      Across the street from headquarters?
  370. Yet since America is;
  371. So close to liberalism, herein:
  372. A non-profit should form and run,
  373. This solution to the blight conundrum.
  374. What would you name it,
  375.     If granted?
  376. “Fight Blight. Start Parks.”
  377. ‘tis always about job creation,
  378.    With you!
  379. Kroar opened the cold steel door,
  380. Lowered his eyes and chin,
  381. And walked slowly away,
  382. With his fiery red hair,
  383. From the conversation.
  384. Now ready for a few hours rest—
  385. Having just completed,
  386. Efficacious and worthwhile activity,
  387. In academia’s knowledge nest.
  388. Softly, I hear Kroar ponder:
  389. “Could I organize all scientific studies,
  390. According to the five cores?
  391. What are the fights in the sciences?
  392. Where is the closure?”
  393. “Aren’t economists,
  394. Indeed most social scientists,
  395. Writing as liberal composers?
  396. Are all creating liberal science?”
  397. He gently opens another cold, steel door.
  398. Now three blocks away, still three more to go;
  399. He stops and stares at a burnt down  house.
  400. And to its left are three vacant lots;
  401. Structures ‘at ‘re fallin’ and condemned.
  402. Kroar stops.
  403. “Here are houses by liberalism’s
  404. Inefficient capitalism!
  405.  ‘tis inefficient because;
  406. For this; liberalism has a cause!
  407. And as republicanism knows;
  408. Here I see only a falling walls!”
  409. Kroar’s whispering to himself:
  410. “If decadence could give you lockjaw…
  411. Then give me a saw…
  412. And I shall work without talk—
  413. To help build and not withdraw!”
  414. After ten minutes silence,
  415. Still standing on the broken sidewalk,
  416. In front of liberal neutrality; nay, negligence,
  417. Kroar utters; with confidence:
  418. “Detroit, my cave,
  419. I’m a republican; here to brave,
  420. To help create a sustainable city,
  421. With you—a Few—we will build change…
  422. “Shouldn’t take too many years to escape,
  423. The corruption ‘at allowed this blight to dominate;
  424. Detroit’s outer landscape;
  425. Stretching endless miles—indefinitely.
  426. Truly a sight of dystopian fright.
  427. Now a Few must change!
  428. Let us make it plain:
  429. Republicanism has always been,
  430. A viable ideology for Americans,
  431. A constant a virtuous pathway,
  432. Of working mechanisms to operate and promulgate,
  433. The plenty of republican capital to be exchanged!”
************************************************

This poem uses: Urbinati. 2012. Competing for Liberty: The Republican Critique of DemocracyAmerican Political Science Review / Volume 106 / Issue 03 / August 2012, pp 607-621.

[1] Morris (2001) illuminates the complexity of gestalt shift by the thought of Marx and Habermas.


[i] Zaller. 1992. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge University Press.

[ii] See: Enyedi Deegan-Krause. 2010. The Structure of Political Competition in Western Europe. Taylor & Francis Group. Or succinctly, see: Deegan-Krause. 2006. New Dimensions of Political Cleavage. Oxford Handbook of Political Science, eds. R. Dalton and H. D. Klingemann. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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7 thoughts on “A Republican Swipe at Blight

  1. Paper is cool. Still not sure I think it influences peoples voters. Because the most important results come from the opposition party. Something negative is happening to Obama, yeah duh they are going to say its important because anything that has potential to help their candidate.

    A few things on presentation, make sure your table titles and numbers in those table line up! Also when presenting logit results, I think its best to include a predicted probabilities chart (so here, you could do it across party id or exposure). Gives more effect to the results, because not many people see logit coefs. and can intuitively understand whats going on.

  2. thanks. …we rarely are sure in political science, right? But the Kerry regression shows that Independents and Democrats thought the Swift Boat stuff was salient. So there is preliminary evidence against your skepticism. And if politicians tested “going positive” and giving Obama-type-race-speeches–getting at the content in a serious and honest way; well that’s better than a SuperPac horse race, I think. Like, maybe we were right when we recommended that Romney tackle the 47% comment in a positive way…maybe 🙂

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